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1700 - 1800

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ERA 7 - Time of wigs and revolutions


This era is about the 18th century (1700-1800). In this period the movement of the Enlightenment develops from the scientific revolution. A period where knowledge and using reason are highly valued.


Wigs had been worn in western countries since 17th century as a sign of wealth, prestige and power by men and women. This habit continues well into the 18th century.​


At the end of the 18th century ideas of the Enlightenment were the cause of democratic revolutions in America, France and the Dutch Republic.

Characteristic aspects:

27. Rational optimism and 'enlightened thinking' that’s applied to all areas of society: religion, politics, economy and social relations.


28. Existence of the ancien regime with attempts to shape the royal administration into a contemporary enlightened way (enlightened absolutism).


29. Expansion of European domination, especially in the form of the plantation colonies related to the transatlantic slave trade, and the rise of abolitionism.


30. The democratic revolutions in Western countries resulting in discussions on constitutions, fundamental rights and citizenship.

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